October is Eczema Awareness Month
These facts and figures represent a summary of the most current information from published scientific literature regarding the prevalence of eczema and the burden people living with eczema face every day.
What is Eczema
Eczema is an umbrella term used to describe a group of medical conditions that cause dry, discolored, itchy and inflamed skin.
People with one type of eczema may also go on to develop other types depending on genetics and exposure to environmental triggers.
There are seven common types of eczema:
Atopic dermatitis – caused by a malfunction in the immune system and problems with the skinbarrier.
Contact dermatitis – a result of skin touching a known irritant and/or allergen.
Dyshidrotic eczema – occurs on the feet and hands as itchy blisters, usually caused by exposure to allergens.
Neurodermatitis (also known as lichen simplex chronicus) – results in thick, scaly patches on the skin, often caused by too much scratching and rubbing.
Nummular eczema (also known as discoid eczema) – usually caused by allergens or very dry skin and appears as round lesions that can weep fluid, especially in older populations.
Seborrheic dermatitis – white or yellow flaky, greasy patches in places with more oil-producing glands, caused by a combination of genetics, hormones and microorganisms on the skin.
Stasis dermatitis – happens when poor circulation to the legs causes the veins to swell and leak fluid, causing swelling and skin redness and itch, mostly in older populations.
Hand eczema – not considered an independent type of eczema, but a location of other types of eczema, most frequently atopic or contact dermatitis, and is caused by a combination of genes, irritants and/or allergens.